*[HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released@ 2019-08-06 22:16 Валерий Исаев2019-08-07 15:01 ` Andrej Bauer ` (2 more replies) 0 siblings, 3 replies; 20+ messages in thread From: Валерий Исаев @ 2019-08-06 22:16 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2913 bytes --] Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn more about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some of the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive types, including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other features which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe polymorphism and class system. We believe that a theorem prover should be convenient to use. That is why we also developed a plugin for IntelliJ IDEA <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a full-fledged IDE for the Arend language. It implements many standard features such as syntax highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto formatting. It also has some language-specific features such as incremental typechecking and various refactoring tools. To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot from studying the standard library <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, including joins, modalities, and localization of types. Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): - Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an IDE comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why we implemented IntelliJ Arend <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also means that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. - Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. - Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more terms than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more convenient in many aspects. If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on twitter <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and comments are welcome at google groups <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com. [-- Attachment #1.2: Type: text/html, Size: 3367 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|nested] 20+ messages in thread

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**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-06 22:16 [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released Валерий Исаев**@ 2019-08-07 15:01 ` Andrej Bauer**2019-08-07 22:13 ` Nicolai Kraus 2019-08-08 12:20 ` Jon Sterling 2 siblings, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread From: Andrej Bauer @ 2019-08-07 15:01 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Валерий Исаев, Homotopy Type Theory Very impressive indeed! I don't think it's necessary to ask why we need another theorem prover. However, we may reach a point when some consolidation will have to happen, one way or another. Functional programming was a bit like that (slightly before my time), and it consolidated around Haskell and Standard ML. With kind regards, Andrej -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAB0nkh0UKEgnv85QEFt44CcbA9To3Js%3DEAhdB0xLy0M9F6Z2%2BA%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-06 22:16 [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released Валерий Исаев 2019-08-07 15:01 ` Andrej Bauer**@ 2019-08-07 22:13 ` Nicolai Kraus**2019-08-08 9:55 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-08 12:20 ` Jon Sterling 2 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Nicolai Kraus @ 2019-08-07 22:13 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Валерий Исаев Cc: Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 4494 bytes --] Exciting and impressive! Many of Arend's features sound very useful! I find the universes most interesting, but I don't understand how exactly they work. From your site, I learned: * A universe in Arend has two parameters, for size and for homotopy level. * Universes are cumulative in both parameters. Is type-checking still decidable? Say, we have this judgment: (1) A : \3-Type 1 We have (2) A : \4-Type 1 by cumulativity, but it shouldn't be decidable whether we also have (3) A : \2-Type 1. In book-HoTT, only (1) would type-check, since A would be a pair of a type and a proof of its homotopy level (i.e. you can only get (2,3) by changing the proof). But your site says these proofs don't need to be carried around. Are they still somewhere hidden in the background? On Wed, Aug 7, 2019 at 12:16 AM Валерий Исаев <valery.isaev@gmail.com> wrote: > Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains > <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to > announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn more > about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. > > Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some of > the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive types, > including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other features > which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe polymorphism and > class system. We believe that a theorem prover should be convenient to use. > That is why we also developed a plugin for IntelliJ IDEA > <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a full-fledged IDE > for the Arend language. It implements many standard features such as syntax > highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto formatting. It also has > some language-specific features such as incremental typechecking and > various refactoring tools. > > To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation > <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot > from studying the standard library > <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic > algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, including > joins, modalities, and localization of types. > > Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): > > - Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem > prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an IDE > comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why we > implemented IntelliJ Arend > <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also > means that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is > why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an > impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. > - Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. > - Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate > closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more terms > than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more convenient in many > aspects. > > If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on twitter > <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and comments are > welcome at google groups > <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups > "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an > email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com > <https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer> > . > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CA%2BAZBBpjRJ8ndS-jWaL-NT3HOtQ1S8nb_tefa6P13zkLcbZJPA%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 5502 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-07 22:13 ` Nicolai Kraus**@ 2019-08-08 9:55 ` Valery Isaev**2019-08-10 9:47 ` Michael Shulman 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-08 9:55 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Nicolai Kraus;**+Cc:**Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 5423 bytes --] You can say that they are hidden in the background, but I prefer to think about this in a different way. I think about \Set0 as a *strict* subtype of \Type0. In comparison, the type \Sigma (A : \Type0) (isSet A) is only homotopically embeds into \Type0. It is equivalent to \Set0, but not isomorphic to it. In particular, this means that every type in \Set0 satisfies isSet and every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is equivalent to some type in \Set0, but not necessarily belongs to \Set0 itself. So, if we have (1), we also have (2) and we do not have (3). It may be true that A is a 2-type, which means that there is a type A' : \2-Type 1 equivalent to A, but A itself does not belong to \2-Type 1. Regards, Valery Isaev чт, 8 авг. 2019 г. в 01:13, Nicolai Kraus <nicolai.kraus@gmail.com>: > Exciting and impressive! Many of Arend's features sound very useful! > I find the universes most interesting, but I don't understand how exactly > they work. From your site, I learned: > * A universe in Arend has two parameters, for size and for homotopy level. > * Universes are cumulative in both parameters. > > Is type-checking still decidable? Say, we have this judgment: > (1) A : \3-Type 1 > We have > (2) A : \4-Type 1 > by cumulativity, but it shouldn't be decidable whether we also have > (3) A : \2-Type 1. > In book-HoTT, only (1) would type-check, since A would be a pair of a type > and a proof of its homotopy level (i.e. you can only get (2,3) by changing > the proof). But your site says these proofs don't need to be carried > around. Are they still somewhere hidden in the background? > > > > On Wed, Aug 7, 2019 at 12:16 AM Валерий Исаев <valery.isaev@gmail.com> > wrote: > >> Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains >> <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to >> announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn more >> about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. >> >> Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some of >> the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive types, >> including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other features >> which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe polymorphism and >> class system. We believe that a theorem prover should be convenient to use. >> That is why we also developed a plugin for IntelliJ IDEA >> <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a full-fledged IDE >> for the Arend language. It implements many standard features such as syntax >> highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto formatting. It also has >> some language-specific features such as incremental typechecking and >> various refactoring tools. >> >> To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation >> <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot >> from studying the standard library >> <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic >> algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, including >> joins, modalities, and localization of types. >> >> Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): >> >> - Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem >> prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an IDE >> comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why we >> implemented IntelliJ Arend >> <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also >> means that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is >> why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an >> impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. >> - Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. >> - Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate >> closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more terms >> than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more convenient in many >> aspects. >> >> If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on twitter >> <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and comments >> are welcome at google groups >> <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. >> >> -- >> You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups >> "Homotopy Type Theory" group. >> To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an >> email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. >> To view this discussion on the web visit >> https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com >> <https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer> >> . >> > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520fsVx%2BGUpYN%2ByPesJ_1PwKV0MfU%3DGQD4ovpfHhy%3DDuj7yA%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 6855 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-08 9:55 ` Valery Isaev**@ 2019-08-10 9:47 ` Michael Shulman**2019-08-10 12:30 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-10 12:37 ` Valery Isaev 0 siblings, 2 replies; 20+ messages in thread From: Michael Shulman @ 2019-08-10 9:47 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Valery Isaev;**+Cc:**Nicolai Kraus, Homotopy Type Theory On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:56 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> wrote: > You can say that they are hidden in the background, but I prefer to think about this in a different way. I think about \Set0 as a strict subtype of \Type0. In comparison, the type \Sigma (A : \Type0) (isSet A) is only homotopically embeds into \Type0. It is equivalent to \Set0, but not isomorphic to it. In particular, this means that every type in \Set0 satisfies isSet and every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is equivalent to some type in \Set0, but not necessarily belongs to \Set0 itself. So, if we have (1), we also have (2) and we do not have (3). It may be true that A is a 2-type, which means that there is a type A' : \2-Type 1 equivalent to A, but A itself does not belong to \2-Type 1. How do you ensure that "every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is equivalent to some type in \Set0"? Is it just an axiom? Also, since \Prop "has no predicative level", does this property applied to \Prop imply that propositional resizing holds? -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOvivQzAdt3Pj0TtoxZA29R9XyZm%2Bxwz8-9AN5ap0iatf-%3DFLQ%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

2019-08-10 9:47 ` Michael Shulman**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released****@ 2019-08-10 12:30 ` Valery Isaev**2019-08-10 12:37 ` Valery Isaev 1 sibling, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-10 12:30 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Michael Shulman;**+Cc:**Nicolai Kraus, Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 2224 bytes --] In the theory, the rule looks like this: A : \Type0 p : isSet A ---------------------------------- F(A,p) : \Set0 and we also add an equivalence between A and F(A,p). In the actual implementation, you can do this using \use \level construction. If you can prove that some \data or \record satisfies isSet (or, more generally, that it is an n-type), then you can put this proof in \use \level function corresponding to this definition and it will be put in the corresponding universe. So, you can define \data F(A,p) with one constructor with one parameter of type A and put it in \Set0. Regards, Valery Isaev сб, 10 авг. 2019 г. в 12:47, Michael Shulman <shulman@sandiego.edu>: > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:56 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> > wrote: > > You can say that they are hidden in the background, but I prefer to > think about this in a different way. I think about \Set0 as a strict > subtype of \Type0. In comparison, the type \Sigma (A : \Type0) (isSet A) is > only homotopically embeds into \Type0. It is equivalent to \Set0, but not > isomorphic to it. In particular, this means that every type in \Set0 > satisfies isSet and every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is > equivalent to some type in \Set0, but not necessarily belongs to \Set0 > itself. So, if we have (1), we also have (2) and we do not have (3). It may > be true that A is a 2-type, which means that there is a type A' : \2-Type 1 > equivalent to A, but A itself does not belong to \2-Type 1. > > How do you ensure that "every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is > equivalent to some type in \Set0"? Is it just an axiom? > > Also, since \Prop "has no predicative level", does this property > applied to \Prop imply that propositional resizing holds? > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520fuDN9yffbCT6Hxv9kvB%3DWW%2BiUcTf%3DJuXi7kuD5NknWbfg%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 3098 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-10 9:47 ` Michael Shulman 2019-08-10 12:30 ` Valery Isaev**@ 2019-08-10 12:37 ` Valery Isaev**1 sibling, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-10 12:37 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Michael Shulman;**+Cc:**Nicolai Kraus, Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1684 bytes --] Yes, propositional resizing holds. \Prop classifies all subobjects. Regards, Valery Isaev сб, 10 авг. 2019 г. в 12:47, Michael Shulman <shulman@sandiego.edu>: > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:56 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> > wrote: > > You can say that they are hidden in the background, but I prefer to > think about this in a different way. I think about \Set0 as a strict > subtype of \Type0. In comparison, the type \Sigma (A : \Type0) (isSet A) is > only homotopically embeds into \Type0. It is equivalent to \Set0, but not > isomorphic to it. In particular, this means that every type in \Set0 > satisfies isSet and every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is > equivalent to some type in \Set0, but not necessarily belongs to \Set0 > itself. So, if we have (1), we also have (2) and we do not have (3). It may > be true that A is a 2-type, which means that there is a type A' : \2-Type 1 > equivalent to A, but A itself does not belong to \2-Type 1. > > How do you ensure that "every type in \Type0 which satisfies isSet is > equivalent to some type in \Set0"? Is it just an axiom? > > Also, since \Prop "has no predicative level", does this property > applied to \Prop imply that propositional resizing holds? > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520fuS3O%3DyPtzHUkTxStiadxP%3DSr4%2BjaBpZQuA93LXkWfzTg%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 2510 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread

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**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-06 22:16 [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released Валерий Исаев 2019-08-07 15:01 ` Andrej Bauer 2019-08-07 22:13 ` Nicolai Kraus**@ 2019-08-08 12:20 ` Jon Sterling**2019-08-08 12:29 ` Bas Spitters 2 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Jon Sterling @ 2019-08-08 12:20 UTC (permalink / raw) To: 'Martin Escardo' via Homotopy Type Theory Dear Valery, Arend looks really impressive, especially the IDE features! I look forward to trying it. I like the little screen demos on the website. We have been curious for some time if someone could begin to explain what type theory Arend implements --- I am not necessarily looking for something super precise, but it would be great to have a high-level gloss that would help experts in the semantics of HoTT understand where Arend's type theory lies. For instance, I can see that Arend uses an interval, but this interval seems to work a bit differently from the interval in some other type theories. Is there any note or document that explains some of the mathematics behind Arend? Nice work! And I look forward to hearing and reading more. Best, Jon On Tue, Aug 6, 2019, at 6:16 PM, Валерий Исаев wrote: > Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains > <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to > announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn > more about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. > > Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some > of the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive > types, including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other > features which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe > polymorphism and class system. We believe that a theorem prover should > be convenient to use. That is why we also developed a plugin for > IntelliJ IDEA <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a > full-fledged IDE for the Arend language. It implements many standard > features such as syntax highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto > formatting. It also has some language-specific features such as > incremental typechecking and various refactoring tools. > > To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation > <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot > from studying the standard library > <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic > algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, > including joins, modalities, and localization of types. > > Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): > * Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem > prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an > IDE comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why > we implemented IntelliJ Arend > <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also means > that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is > why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an > impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. > * Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. > * Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate > closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more > terms than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more > convenient in many aspects. > If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on > twitter <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and > comments are welcome at google groups > <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com <https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer>. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/06e24c98-7409-4e75-88ee-a6e1bb891e1e%40www.fastmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-08 12:20 ` Jon Sterling**@ 2019-08-08 12:29 ` Bas Spitters**2019-08-08 14:44 ` Valery Isaev 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Bas Spitters @ 2019-08-08 12:29 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Jon Sterling;**+Cc:**'Martin Escardo' via Homotopy Type Theory I imagine it could be related to earlier discussions, but Valery will correct me: https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/homotopytypetheory/N8jw_5h2Qjs https://valis.github.io/doc.pdf On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:20 PM Jon Sterling <jon@jonmsterling.com> wrote: > > Dear Valery, > > Arend looks really impressive, especially the IDE features! I look forward to trying it. I like the little screen demos on the website. > > We have been curious for some time if someone could begin to explain what type theory Arend implements --- I am not necessarily looking for something super precise, but it would be great to have a high-level gloss that would help experts in the semantics of HoTT understand where Arend's type theory lies. For instance, I can see that Arend uses an interval, but this interval seems to work a bit differently from the interval in some other type theories. Is there any note or document that explains some of the mathematics behind Arend? > > Nice work! And I look forward to hearing and reading more. > > Best, > Jon > > > On Tue, Aug 6, 2019, at 6:16 PM, Валерий Исаев wrote: > > Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains > > <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to > > announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn > > more about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. > > > > Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some > > of the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive > > types, including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other > > features which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe > > polymorphism and class system. We believe that a theorem prover should > > be convenient to use. That is why we also developed a plugin for > > IntelliJ IDEA <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a > > full-fledged IDE for the Arend language. It implements many standard > > features such as syntax highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto > > formatting. It also has some language-specific features such as > > incremental typechecking and various refactoring tools. > > > > To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot > > from studying the standard library > > <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic > > algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, > > including joins, modalities, and localization of types. > > > > Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): > > * Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem > > prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an > > IDE comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why > > we implemented IntelliJ Arend > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also means > > that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is > > why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an > > impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. > > * Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. > > * Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate > > closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more > > terms than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more > > convenient in many aspects. > > If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on > > twitter <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and > > comments are welcome at google groups > > <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. > > > > -- > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > > To view this discussion on the web visit > > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com <https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer>. > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/06e24c98-7409-4e75-88ee-a6e1bb891e1e%40www.fastmail.com. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOoPQuSLoX8gKy54NQM6SNoi43wVA0A1Ad59qKs6prULkh6zBw%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-08 12:29 ` Bas Spitters**@ 2019-08-08 14:44 ` Valery Isaev**2019-08-08 15:11 ` Jon Sterling 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-08 14:44 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Bas Spitters Cc: Jon Sterling, 'Martin Escardo' via Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 6461 bytes --] Yes, Arend implements the theory described in this document. Semantically, the additional constructions of this theory correspond to the assumption that the model has a fibrant object I such that maps <id,left> : X -> X \times I have the left lifting property with respect to fibrations, and the path object functor is given by (-)^I. So, the usual interpretation in model categories (and other similar models) of HoTT extends to an interpretation of this theory if the model category is a Cartesian model category. Regards, Valery Isaev чт, 8 авг. 2019 г. в 15:29, Bas Spitters <b.a.w.spitters@gmail.com>: > I imagine it could be related to earlier discussions, but Valery will > correct me: > https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/homotopytypetheory/N8jw_5h2Qjs > https://valis.github.io/doc.pdf > > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:20 PM Jon Sterling <jon@jonmsterling.com> wrote: > > > > Dear Valery, > > > > Arend looks really impressive, especially the IDE features! I look > forward to trying it. I like the little screen demos on the website. > > > > We have been curious for some time if someone could begin to explain > what type theory Arend implements --- I am not necessarily looking for > something super precise, but it would be great to have a high-level gloss > that would help experts in the semantics of HoTT understand where Arend's > type theory lies. For instance, I can see that Arend uses an interval, but > this interval seems to work a bit differently from the interval in some > other type theories. Is there any note or document that explains some of > the mathematics behind Arend? > > > > Nice work! And I look forward to hearing and reading more. > > > > Best, > > Jon > > > > > > On Tue, Aug 6, 2019, at 6:16 PM, Валерий Исаев wrote: > > > Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains > > > <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to > > > announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn > > > more about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. > > > > > > Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some > > > of the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive > > > types, including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other > > > features which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe > > > polymorphism and class system. We believe that a theorem prover should > > > be convenient to use. That is why we also developed a plugin for > > > IntelliJ IDEA <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a > > > full-fledged IDE for the Arend language. It implements many standard > > > features such as syntax highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto > > > formatting. It also has some language-specific features such as > > > incremental typechecking and various refactoring tools. > > > > > > To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation > > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot > > > from studying the standard library > > > <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic > > > algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, > > > including joins, modalities, and localization of types. > > > > > > Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): > > > * Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem > > > prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an > > > IDE comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why > > > we implemented IntelliJ Arend > > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also > means > > > that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is > > > why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an > > > impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. > > > * Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. > > > * Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate > > > closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more > > > terms than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more > > > convenient in many aspects. > > > If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on > > > twitter <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and > > > comments are welcome at google groups > > > <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. > > > > > > -- > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > > > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > > > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > > > To view this discussion on the web visit > > > > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com > < > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer > >. > > > > -- > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/06e24c98-7409-4e75-88ee-a6e1bb891e1e%40www.fastmail.com > . > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups > "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an > email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOoPQuSLoX8gKy54NQM6SNoi43wVA0A1Ad59qKs6prULkh6zBw%40mail.gmail.com > . > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ft6xBR1fJz4N0c5NvB%2BpWD%2B14RPCu5g32cxv%2BYdbEmd0g%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 9642 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-08 14:44 ` Valery Isaev**@ 2019-08-08 15:11 ` Jon Sterling**2019-08-08 15:22 ` Valery Isaev 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Jon Sterling @ 2019-08-08 15:11 UTC (permalink / raw) To: 'Martin Escardo' via Homotopy Type Theory Hi Valery (and Bas), Thanks very much for the reference! Can you say a bit more about the interpretation in model categories? I have the following specific questions: - By "Cartesian model category" do you refer to the pushout-product axiom? I apologize for my ignorance, model categories are not my area of expertise. - In most models of HoTT that I'm familiar with, including simplicial sets and several versions of cubical sets, the interval is not fibrant. What interpretation do have in mind for I? (btw, sorry if this has been discussed before!). Thanks, Jon On Thu, Aug 8, 2019, at 10:45 AM, Valery Isaev wrote: > Yes, Arend implements the theory described in this document. > Semantically, the additional constructions of this theory correspond to > the assumption that the model has a fibrant object I such that maps > <id,left> : X -> X \times I have the left lifting property with respect > to fibrations, and the path object functor is given by (-)^I. So, the > usual interpretation in model categories (and other similar models) of > HoTT extends to an interpretation of this theory if the model category > is a Cartesian model category. > > Regards, > Valery Isaev > > > чт, 8 авг. 2019 г. в 15:29, Bas Spitters <b.a.w.spitters@gmail.com>: > > I imagine it could be related to earlier discussions, but Valery will > > correct me: > > https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/homotopytypetheory/N8jw_5h2Qjs > > https://valis.github.io/doc.pdf > > > > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:20 PM Jon Sterling <jon@jonmsterling.com> wrote: > > > > > > Dear Valery, > > > > > > Arend looks really impressive, especially the IDE features! I look forward to trying it. I like the little screen demos on the website. > > > > > > We have been curious for some time if someone could begin to explain what type theory Arend implements --- I am not necessarily looking for something super precise, but it would be great to have a high-level gloss that would help experts in the semantics of HoTT understand where Arend's type theory lies. For instance, I can see that Arend uses an interval, but this interval seems to work a bit differently from the interval in some other type theories. Is there any note or document that explains some of the mathematics behind Arend? > > > > > > Nice work! And I look forward to hearing and reading more. > > > > > > Best, > > > Jon > > > > > > > > > On Tue, Aug 6, 2019, at 6:16 PM, Валерий Исаев wrote: > > > > Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at JetBrains > > > > <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to > > > > announce that the first version of the language was released! To learn > > > > more about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. > > > > > > > > Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes some > > > > of the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher inductive > > > > types, including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has other > > > > features which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe > > > > polymorphism and class system. We believe that a theorem prover should > > > > be convenient to use. That is why we also developed a plugin for > > > > IntelliJ IDEA <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it into a > > > > full-fledged IDE for the Arend language. It implements many standard > > > > features such as syntax highlighting, completion, auto import, and auto > > > > formatting. It also has some language-specific features such as > > > > incremental typechecking and various refactoring tools. > > > > > > > > To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation > > > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn a lot > > > > from studying the standard library > > > > <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some basic > > > > algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, > > > > including joins, modalities, and localization of types. > > > > > > > > Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): > > > > * Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem > > > > prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should have an > > > > IDE comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That is why > > > > we implemented IntelliJ Arend > > > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This also means > > > > that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. That is > > > > why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such as an > > > > impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. > > > > * Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. > > > > * Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate > > > > closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes more > > > > terms than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more > > > > convenient in many aspects. > > > > If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on > > > > twitter <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, and > > > > comments are welcome at google groups > > > > <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. > > > > > > > > -- > > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > > > > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > > > > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com <mailto:HomotopyTypeTheory%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>. > > > > To view this discussion on the web visit > > > > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com <https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer>. > > > > > > -- > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com <mailto:HomotopyTypeTheory%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>. > > > To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/06e24c98-7409-4e75-88ee-a6e1bb891e1e%40www.fastmail.com. > > > > -- > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com <mailto:HomotopyTypeTheory%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>. > > To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOoPQuSLoX8gKy54NQM6SNoi43wVA0A1Ad59qKs6prULkh6zBw%40mail.gmail.com. > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ft6xBR1fJz4N0c5NvB%2BpWD%2B14RPCu5g32cxv%2BYdbEmd0g%40mail.gmail.com <https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ft6xBR1fJz4N0c5NvB%2BpWD%2B14RPCu5g32cxv%2BYdbEmd0g%40mail.gmail.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer>. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/d0fd1d18-136b-41fa-b721-f64b9c487376%40www.fastmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-08 15:11 ` Jon Sterling**@ 2019-08-08 15:22 ` Valery Isaev**2019-08-10 9:42 ` Michael Shulman 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-08 15:22 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Jon Sterling;**+Cc:**'Martin Escardo' via Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 9272 bytes --] чт, 8 авг. 2019 г. в 18:11, Jon Sterling <jon@jonmsterling.com>: > Hi Valery (and Bas), > > Thanks very much for the reference! Can you say a bit more about the > interpretation in model categories? I have the following specific questions: > > - By "Cartesian model category" do you refer to the pushout-product axiom? > I apologize for my ignorance, model categories are not my area of expertise. > > Yes. > - In most models of HoTT that I'm familiar with, including simplicial sets > and several versions of cubical sets, the interval is not fibrant. What > interpretation do have in mind for I? (btw, sorry if this has been > discussed before!). > You can take any contractible fibrant object such that the map 1+1 -> I is a cofibration. Such an object always exists (just factor the map 1+1 -> 1 as a cofibration followed by trivial fibration), so the only additional assumption is that the exponential (-)^I exists and the pushout-product axiom holds. > > Thanks, > Jon > > > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019, at 10:45 AM, Valery Isaev wrote: > > Yes, Arend implements the theory described in this document. > > Semantically, the additional constructions of this theory correspond to > > the assumption that the model has a fibrant object I such that maps > > <id,left> : X -> X \times I have the left lifting property with respect > > to fibrations, and the path object functor is given by (-)^I. So, the > > usual interpretation in model categories (and other similar models) of > > HoTT extends to an interpretation of this theory if the model category > > is a Cartesian model category. > > > > Regards, > > Valery Isaev > > > > > > чт, 8 авг. 2019 г. в 15:29, Bas Spitters <b.a.w.spitters@gmail.com>: > > > I imagine it could be related to earlier discussions, but Valery will > > > correct me: > > > https://groups.google.com/forum/#!topic/homotopytypetheory/N8jw_5h2Qjs > > > https://valis.github.io/doc.pdf > > > > > > On Thu, Aug 8, 2019 at 2:20 PM Jon Sterling <jon@jonmsterling.com> > wrote: > > > > > > > > Dear Valery, > > > > > > > > Arend looks really impressive, especially the IDE features! I look > forward to trying it. I like the little screen demos on the website. > > > > > > > > We have been curious for some time if someone could begin to > explain what type theory Arend implements --- I am not necessarily looking > for something super precise, but it would be great to have a high-level > gloss that would help experts in the semantics of HoTT understand where > Arend's type theory lies. For instance, I can see that Arend uses an > interval, but this interval seems to work a bit differently from the > interval in some other type theories. Is there any note or document that > explains some of the mathematics behind Arend? > > > > > > > > Nice work! And I look forward to hearing and reading more. > > > > > > > > Best, > > > > Jon > > > > > > > > > > > > On Tue, Aug 6, 2019, at 6:16 PM, Валерий Исаев wrote: > > > > > Arend is a new theorem prover that have been developed at > JetBrains > > > > > <https://www.jetbrains.com/> for quite some time. We are proud to > > > > > announce that the first version of the language was released! To > learn > > > > > more about Arend, visit our site <https://arend-lang.github.io/>. > > > > > > > > > > Arend is based on a version of homotopy type theory that includes > some > > > > > of the cubical features. In particular, it has native higher > inductive > > > > > types, including higher inductive-inductive types. It also has > other > > > > > features which are necessary for a theorem prover such as universe > > > > > polymorphism and class system. We believe that a theorem prover > should > > > > > be convenient to use. That is why we also developed a plugin for > > > > > IntelliJ IDEA <https://www.jetbrains.com/idea/> that turns it > into a > > > > > full-fledged IDE for the Arend language. It implements many > standard > > > > > features such as syntax highlighting, completion, auto import, > and auto > > > > > formatting. It also has some language-specific features such as > > > > > incremental typechecking and various refactoring tools. > > > > > > > > > > To learn more about Arend, you can check out the documentation > > > > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation>. You can also learn > a lot > > > > > from studying the standard library > > > > > <https://github.com/JetBrains/arend-lib>. It implements some > basic > > > > > algebra, including localization of rings, and homotopy theory, > > > > > including joins, modalities, and localization of types. > > > > > > > > > > Frequently asked questions (that nobody asked): > > > > > * Why do we need another theorem prover? We believe that a theorem > > > > > prover should be convenient to use. This means that it should > have an > > > > > IDE comparable to that of mainstream programming languages. That > is why > > > > > we implemented IntelliJ Arend > > > > > <https://arend-lang.github.io/about/intellij-features>. This > also means > > > > > that the underlying theory should be powerful and expressive. > That is > > > > > why Arend is based on homotopy type theory and has features such > as an > > > > > impredicative type of propositions and a powerful class system. > > > > > * Does Arend have tactics? Not yet, but we are working on it. > > > > > * Does Arend have the canonicity property, i.e. does it evaluate > > > > > closed expressions to their canonical forms? No, but it computes > more > > > > > terms than ordinary homotopy type theory, which makes it more > > > > > convenient in many aspects. > > > > > If you want to know about language updates, you can follow us on > > > > > twitter <https://twitter.com/ArendLang>. Questions, suggestions, > and > > > > > comments are welcome at google groups > > > > > <https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/arend-lang>. > > > > > > > > > > -- > > > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > > > > > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, > send > > > > > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com > <mailto:HomotopyTypeTheory%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>. > > > > > To view this discussion on the web visit > > > > > > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com > < > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/9d23061c-4b7a-4d69-9c22-f28261ad3b33%40googlegroups.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer > >. > > > > > > > > -- > > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, > send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com <mailto: > HomotopyTypeTheory%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>. > > > > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/06e24c98-7409-4e75-88ee-a6e1bb891e1e%40www.fastmail.com > . > > > > > > -- > > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, > send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com <mailto: > HomotopyTypeTheory%2Bunsubscribe@googlegroups.com>. > > > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOoPQuSLoX8gKy54NQM6SNoi43wVA0A1Ad59qKs6prULkh6zBw%40mail.gmail.com > . > > > > -- > > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google > > Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send > > an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > > To view this discussion on the web visit > > > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ft6xBR1fJz4N0c5NvB%2BpWD%2B14RPCu5g32cxv%2BYdbEmd0g%40mail.gmail.com > < > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ft6xBR1fJz4N0c5NvB%2BpWD%2B14RPCu5g32cxv%2BYdbEmd0g%40mail.gmail.com?utm_medium=email&utm_source=footer > >. > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups > "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an > email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit > https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/d0fd1d18-136b-41fa-b721-f64b9c487376%40www.fastmail.com > . > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520fuU-BEcdg6mrAkTxmqpDhG9pHpD-1a%3DX7ZU-n8q57dKsg%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 14356 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-08 15:22 ` Valery Isaev**@ 2019-08-10 9:42 ` Michael Shulman**2019-08-10 12:24 ` Valery Isaev 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Michael Shulman @ 2019-08-10 9:42 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Valery Isaev;**+Cc:**Jon Sterling, HomotopyTypeTheory@googlegroups.com There is a bit more subtlety here than is evident from the brief description, since everything has to happen in an arbitrary slice category of the model category. But although the slices of a cartesian model category are not in general again cartesian, they are enriched model categories over the base, and so I think I agree that this works since I lives in the base. However, section 2.2 of https://valis.github.io/doc.pdf also appears to assert that an equivalence can be made into a line in the universe for which coercing along the line is *definitionally* equal to the action of the given equivalence, and such that the line associated to the identity equivalence is definitionally constant. The latter seems like it might be obtainable by a lifting property, but I don't immediately see how to obtain the former in a model category? -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOvivQzzLHnq%2BbXBzkFv3tST0GEUo4f2zmdj025LTaq%2BEMB7CQ%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-10 9:42 ` Michael Shulman**@ 2019-08-10 12:24 ` Valery Isaev**2019-08-10 23:37 ` Michael Shulman 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-10 12:24 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Michael Shulman;**+Cc:**Jon Sterling, HomotopyTypeTheory@googlegroups.com [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1939 bytes --] The document is slightly outdated. We do not have the rule iso A B (λx ⇒ x) (λx ⇒ x) idp idp i ⇒β A in the actual implementation since univalence is true even without it. This rule has another problem. It seems that the theory as presented in the document introduces a *quasi*-equivalence between A = B and Equiv A B, which means that there are some true statements which are not provable in it. The theory without this rule should be completely equivalent to the ordinary HoTT, even though I cannot prove this yet. Regards, Valery Isaev сб, 10 авг. 2019 г. в 12:42, Michael Shulman <shulman@sandiego.edu>: > There is a bit more subtlety here than is evident from the brief > description, since everything has to happen in an arbitrary slice > category of the model category. But although the slices of a > cartesian model category are not in general again cartesian, they are > enriched model categories over the base, and so I think I agree that > this works since I lives in the base. > > However, section 2.2 of https://valis.github.io/doc.pdf also appears > to assert that an equivalence can be made into a line in the universe > for which coercing along the line is *definitionally* equal to the > action of the given equivalence, and such that the line associated to > the identity equivalence is definitionally constant. The latter seems > like it might be obtainable by a lifting property, but I don't > immediately see how to obtain the former in a model category? > -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ftTacC4iegu2UM887nbyJWQTByMKhrcsftKPXCadH06kQ%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 2849 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-10 12:24 ` Valery Isaev**@ 2019-08-10 23:37 ` Michael Shulman**2019-08-11 10:46 ` Valery Isaev 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Michael Shulman @ 2019-08-10 23:37 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Valery Isaev;**+Cc:**Jon Sterling, HomotopyTypeTheory@googlegroups.com On Sat, Aug 10, 2019 at 5:25 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> wrote: > The document is slightly outdated. We do not have the rule iso A B (λx ⇒ x) (λx ⇒ x) idp idp i ⇒β A in the actual implementation since univalence is true even without it. This rule has another problem. It seems that the theory as presented in the document introduces a quasi-equivalence between A = B and Equiv A B, which means that there are some true statements which are not provable in it. I don't understand. By "quasi-equivalence" do you mean an incoherent equivalence (what the book calls a map with a quasi-inverse)? If so, then every quasi-equivalence can of course be promoted to a strong equivalence. However, as I said, I'm more worried about the fourth rule coe_{λ k ⇒ iso A B f g p q k} a right ⇒β f a. That's the one that I have trouble seeing how to interpret in a model category. Can you say anything about that? > If you can prove that some \data or \record satisfies isSet (or, more generally, that it is an n-type), then you can put this proof in \use \level function corresponding to this definition and it will be put in the corresponding universe. What does it mean for it to be "put in" the corresponding universe? The documentation for \use \level makes it sound as though the definition *itself*, rather than something equivalent to it, ends up in the corresponding universe. How is the equivalence between A and F(A,p) accessed inside the proof assistant? -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOvivQxKMPvpm9Vwkt4ARR7R5qLmzJMUkFCrf%3DrFUL5sd4nXLQ%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-10 23:37 ` Michael Shulman**@ 2019-08-11 10:46 ` Valery Isaev**2019-08-11 12:39 ` Michael Shulman 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Valery Isaev @ 2019-08-11 10:46 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Michael Shulman;**+Cc:**Jon Sterling, HomotopyTypeTheory@googlegroups.com [-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 3369 bytes --] вс, 11 авг. 2019 г. в 02:37, Michael Shulman <shulman@sandiego.edu>: > On Sat, Aug 10, 2019 at 5:25 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> > wrote: > > The document is slightly outdated. We do not have the rule iso A B (λx ⇒ > x) (λx ⇒ x) idp idp i ⇒β A in the actual implementation since univalence is > true even without it. This rule has another problem. It seems that the > theory as presented in the document introduces a quasi-equivalence between > A = B and Equiv A B, which means that there are some true statements which > are not provable in it. > > I don't understand. By "quasi-equivalence" do you mean an incoherent > equivalence (what the book calls a map with a quasi-inverse)? If so, > then every quasi-equivalence can of course be promoted to a strong > equivalence. > Yes, a quasi-equivalence is a function together with its quasi-inverse. The problem is that we've got some terms in the theory of which we know nothing about. It's the same as if I just add a new type *Magic *without any additional rules. Then we cannot prove anything about it and the resulting theory won't be equivalent to the original one. > > However, as I said, I'm more worried about the fourth rule coe_{λ k ⇒ > iso A B f g p q k} a right ⇒β f a. That's the one that I have trouble > seeing how to interpret in a model category. Can you say anything > about that? > I don't remember well, but I think the idea is that you need to prove that there is a trivial cofibration Eq(A,B) -> F(U^I,A,B), where the first object is the object of equivalences between A and B and the second object is the fiber of U^I over A and B. The fact that this map is a weak equivalence is just the univalence axiom. The problem is to show that it is a cofibration and whether this is true or not depends on the definition of Eq(A,B). I don't actually remember whether I finished this proof. > > > If you can prove that some \data or \record satisfies isSet (or, more > generally, that it is an n-type), then you can put this proof in \use > \level function corresponding to this definition and it will be put in the > corresponding universe. > > What does it mean for it to be "put in" the corresponding universe? > I mean F(A,p) will have type \Set0 instead of \Type0 that it would have without the \use \level annotation. > The documentation for \use \level makes it sound as though the > definition *itself*, rather than something equivalent to it, ends up > in the corresponding universe. Yes, F(A,p) *itself* has type \Set0, but A still has type \Type0. > How is the equivalence between A and > F(A,p) accessed inside the proof assistant? > Since F(A,p) is the usual (inductive) data type, you can do everything you can do with other data types. In particular, since it has only one constructor with one parameter A, it is easy to proof that it is equivalent to A. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAA520ftYLYwiZs0B3fmuYb%3D%3D8mWiOpVD0yVbV8otfTEfgWV8UQ%40mail.gmail.com. [-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 4775 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-11 10:46 ` Valery Isaev**@ 2019-08-11 12:39 ` Michael Shulman**2019-08-11 16:55 ` Michael Shulman 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Michael Shulman @ 2019-08-11 12:39 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Valery Isaev;**+Cc:**Jon Sterling, HomotopyTypeTheory@googlegroups.com On Sun, Aug 11, 2019 at 6:47 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> wrote: > I don't remember well, but I think the idea is that you need to prove that there is a trivial cofibration Eq(A,B) -> F(U^I,A,B), where the first object is the object of equivalences between A and B and the second object is the fiber of U^I over A and B. The fact that this map is a weak equivalence is just the univalence axiom. The problem is to show that it is a cofibration and whether this is true or not depends on the definition of Eq(A,B). I don't actually remember whether I finished this proof. Yes, in a straightforward approach that's what you would need to prove, or more precisely that the map Eq -> U^I is a trivial cofibration in the slice over UxU (since the lifting has to be done in the universal case rather than just over each global element). Possibly you could get away with less, since you're only asking to recover the action of the given equivalence as a function (rather than the entire equivalence data). Perhaps a clever choice of fibration structure in the equivalence extension property would suffice. > Since F(A,p) is the usual (inductive) data type, you can do everything you can do with other data types. In particular, since it has only one constructor with one parameter A, it is easy to proof that it is equivalent to A. Okay, it sounds like you're saying that the datatype defined with \use\level is F(A,p) and the analogous one defined without \use\level is A, while both have their usual rules but are not identical. In this case you have somewhat *more* than an equivalence between F(A,p) and A, at least if all datatypes have their usual definitional computation rules, since an arbitrary type "F(A,p)" that is only *equivalent* to a datatype will only inherit a typal computation rule. It seems plausible though that one could construct universes of n-types that are strictly closed under a given datatype construction that preserves n-types (at least, assuming one can do the same for arbitrary universes). However, the documentation also suggests that \use\level can be applied to plain definitions (\func). How is F(A,p) distinguished from A in this case? -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOvivQxMwmkA0o2XBecGQaiaVFO0rjwKvZfbMqS%2Be363GJwRbA%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-11 12:39 ` Michael Shulman**@ 2019-08-11 16:55 ` Michael Shulman**2019-08-12 14:44 ` Daniel R. Grayson 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Michael Shulman @ 2019-08-11 16:55 UTC (permalink / raw) To: HomotopyTypeTheory@googlegroups.com In an off-list discussion, Valery clarified to me that \use\level for \func does not actually put the type in the corresponding universe, only marks it as having the corresponding homotopy level (and added some documentation https://arend-lang.github.io/documentation/language-reference/definitions/level#use-level-for-functions). However, it also emerged that F(A,p) can also be *defined* for an arbitrary type A (and an externally fixed n) as \record F (A : \Type) (p : ofHLevel A n) { | in : A } \where \use \level isntype (A : \Type) (p : ofHLevel A n) : ofHLevel A n => p and that because records have definitional eta-conversion, this F(A,p) will actually be definitionally isomorphic to A, rather than just equivalent to it. In particular, since \Prop is invariant under predicative level, this means that (in the current version of Arend) every h-proposition is definitionally isomorphic to one living in the lowest universe. This is not quite as strong as Voeovdsky's propositional resizing rule (that every h-proposition *itself* lives in the lowest universe), but I find it about equally semantically dubious, and in particular it's unclear whether it has any univalent models (not even classically in simplicial sets). Perhaps it does; but until such models are known, it may be better to avoid using this feature for \Prop, and perhaps add a restriction to Arend preventing it. On Sun, Aug 11, 2019 at 8:39 AM Michael Shulman <shulman@sandiego.edu> wrote: > > On Sun, Aug 11, 2019 at 6:47 AM Valery Isaev <valery.isaev@gmail.com> wrote: > > I don't remember well, but I think the idea is that you need to prove that there is a trivial cofibration Eq(A,B) -> F(U^I,A,B), where the first object is the object of equivalences between A and B and the second object is the fiber of U^I over A and B. The fact that this map is a weak equivalence is just the univalence axiom. The problem is to show that it is a cofibration and whether this is true or not depends on the definition of Eq(A,B). I don't actually remember whether I finished this proof. > > Yes, in a straightforward approach that's what you would need to > prove, or more precisely that the map Eq -> U^I is a trivial > cofibration in the slice over UxU (since the lifting has to be done in > the universal case rather than just over each global element). > Possibly you could get away with less, since you're only asking to > recover the action of the given equivalence as a function (rather than > the entire equivalence data). Perhaps a clever choice of fibration > structure in the equivalence extension property would suffice. > > > Since F(A,p) is the usual (inductive) data type, you can do everything you can do with other data types. In particular, since it has only one constructor with one parameter A, it is easy to proof that it is equivalent to A. > > Okay, it sounds like you're saying that the datatype defined with > \use\level is F(A,p) and the analogous one defined without \use\level > is A, while both have their usual rules but are not identical. In > this case you have somewhat *more* than an equivalence between F(A,p) > and A, at least if all datatypes have their usual definitional > computation rules, since an arbitrary type "F(A,p)" that is only > *equivalent* to a datatype will only inherit a typal computation rule. > It seems plausible though that one could construct universes of > n-types that are strictly closed under a given datatype construction > that preserves n-types (at least, assuming one can do the same for > arbitrary universes). > > However, the documentation also suggests that \use\level can be > applied to plain definitions (\func). How is F(A,p) distinguished > from A in this case? -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOvivQzjOnpZj27f44GyDjtX1-WNwWN8aqOnv3L7gkVnpYpnyw%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-11 16:55 ` Michael Shulman**@ 2019-08-12 14:44 ` Daniel R. Grayson**2019-08-12 17:32 ` Michael Shulman 0 siblings, 1 reply; 20+ messages in thread From: Daniel R. Grayson @ 2019-08-12 14:44 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Homotopy Type Theory [-- Attachment #1.1: Type: text/plain, Size: 448 bytes --] Mike, what do you mean by "definitionally isomorphic" ? -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/61d38dbf-541b-4d5a-97f2-094c3f3c1da4%40googlegroups.com. [-- Attachment #1.2: Type: text/html, Size: 757 bytes --] ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread*

**Re: [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released**2019-08-12 14:44 ` Daniel R. Grayson**@ 2019-08-12 17:32 ` Michael Shulman**0 siblings, 0 replies; 20+ messages in thread From: Michael Shulman @ 2019-08-12 17:32 UTC (permalink / raw) To: Daniel R. Grayson;**+Cc:**Homotopy Type Theory Maps f : A -> F(A,p) and g : F(A,p) -> A such that g(f(x)) == x and f(g(y)) == y, where == means definitional/judgmental equality. On Mon, Aug 12, 2019 at 10:44 AM Daniel R. Grayson <danielrichardgrayson@gmail.com> wrote: > > Mike, what do you mean by "definitionally isomorphic" ? > > -- > You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. > To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. > To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/61d38dbf-541b-4d5a-97f2-094c3f3c1da4%40googlegroups.com. -- You received this message because you are subscribed to the Google Groups "Homotopy Type Theory" group. To unsubscribe from this group and stop receiving emails from it, send an email to HomotopyTypeTheory+unsubscribe@googlegroups.com. To view this discussion on the web visit https://groups.google.com/d/msgid/HomotopyTypeTheory/CAOvivQw17Au6b1P6FwxZF7x84qM9vhCgOf5xuKcdzW59_F67Ag%40mail.gmail.com. ^ permalink raw reply [flat|**nested**] 20+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2019-08-12 17:33 UTC | newest]Thread overview:20+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed) -- links below jump to the message on this page -- 2019-08-06 22:16 [HoTT] New theorem prover Arend is released Валерий Исаев 2019-08-07 15:01 ` Andrej Bauer 2019-08-07 22:13 ` Nicolai Kraus 2019-08-08 9:55 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-10 9:47 ` Michael Shulman 2019-08-10 12:30 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-10 12:37 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-08 12:20 ` Jon Sterling 2019-08-08 12:29 ` Bas Spitters 2019-08-08 14:44 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-08 15:11 ` Jon Sterling 2019-08-08 15:22 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-10 9:42 ` Michael Shulman 2019-08-10 12:24 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-10 23:37 ` Michael Shulman 2019-08-11 10:46 ` Valery Isaev 2019-08-11 12:39 ` Michael Shulman 2019-08-11 16:55 ` Michael Shulman 2019-08-12 14:44 ` Daniel R. Grayson 2019-08-12 17:32 ` Michael Shulman

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