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// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/*
 * vsyscall_lockout.c - check that disabling vsyscall works
 * Copyright (C) 2021 Red Hat, Inc.
 *
 * This test requires vsyscall=xonly or vsyscall=emulate.  With
 * vsyscall=emulate, ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL cannot turn off vsyscall
 * completely (reads still work), but this is not tested here.
 */

#include <stddef.h>

#include <asm/prctl.h>
#include <asm/vsyscall.h>
#include <linux/errno.h>
#include <linux/fcntl.h>
#include <linux/signal.h>
#include <linux/time.h>
#include <linux/types.h>
#include <linux/unistd.h>

#ifndef ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL
#define ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL	0x5001
#elif ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL != 0x5001
#error wrong vlaue for ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL
#endif


static inline long syscall0(int nr)
{
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("syscall"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (nr)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static inline long syscall1(int nr, long arg0)
{
	register long rdi asm("rdi") = arg0;
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("syscall"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (nr), "r" (rdi)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static inline long syscall2(int nr, long arg0, long arg1)
{
	register long rdi asm("rdi") = arg0;
	register long rsi asm("rsi") = arg1;
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("syscall"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (nr), "r" (rdi), "r" (rsi)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static inline long syscall3(int nr, long arg0, long arg1, long arg2)
{
	register long rdi asm("rdi") = arg0;
	register long rsi asm("rsi") = arg1;
	register long rdx asm("rdx") = arg2;
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("syscall"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (nr), "r" (rdi), "r" (rsi), "r" (rdx)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static inline long syscall4(int nr, long arg0, long arg1, long arg2, long arg3)
{
	register long rdi asm("rdi") = arg0;
	register long rsi asm("rsi") = arg1;
	register long rdx asm("rdx") = arg2;
	register long r10 asm("r10") = arg3;
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("syscall"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (nr), "r" (rdi), "r" (rsi), "r" (rdx),
			    "r" (r10)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static inline long syscall5(int nr, long arg0, long arg1, long arg2, long arg3,
			    long arg4)
{
	register long rdi asm("rdi") = arg0;
	register long rsi asm("rsi") = arg1;
	register long rdx asm("rdx") = arg2;
	register long r10 asm("r10") = arg3;
	register long r8 asm("r8") = arg4;
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("syscall"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (nr), "r" (rdi), "r" (rsi), "r" (rdx),
			    "r" (r10), "r" (r8)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static inline long vsyscall2(long addr, long arg0, long arg1)
{
	register long rdi asm("rdi") = arg0;
	register long rsi asm("rsi") = arg1;
	unsigned long result;

	__asm__ volatile ("callq *%%rax"
			  : "=a" (result)
			  : "0" (addr), "r" (rdi), "r" (rsi)
			  : "memory", "cc", "r11", "cx");
	return result;
}

static void __attribute__ ((noreturn)) sys_exit(int status)
{
	syscall1(__NR_exit, status);
	__builtin_unreachable();
}

static int sys_access(const char *pathname, int mode)
{
	return syscall2(__NR_access, (long) pathname, mode);
}

static int sys_mkdir(const char *pathname, __kernel_mode_t mode)
{
	return syscall2(__NR_mkdir, (long) pathname, mode);
}

static int sys_open(const char *pathname, int flags, __kernel_mode_t mode)
{
	return syscall3(__NR_open, (long) pathname, flags, mode);
}

static long sys_read(int fd, void *buffer, size_t length)
{
	return syscall3(__NR_read, fd, (long) buffer, length);
}

static long sys_write(int fd, const void *buffer, size_t length)
{
	return syscall3(__NR_write, fd, (long) buffer, length);
}

static int sys_mount(const char *source, const char *pathname,
		     const char *fstype, unsigned long flags,
		     const void *data)
{
	return syscall5(__NR_mount, (long) source, (long) pathname,
			(long) fstype, flags, (long) data);
}

static void sigabrt(void)
{
	syscall2(__NR_kill, syscall0(__NR_getpid), SIGABRT);
}

/*
 * String buffers.
 */

struct buffer {
	char *position;
	char *limit;
};

static void buffer_init(struct buffer *b, char *start, size_t length)
{
	b->position = start;
	b->limit = start + length;
}

static void buffer_append(struct buffer *b, char ch)
{
	if (b->position >= b->limit)
		sigabrt();
	*b->position = ch;
	++b->position;
}

static void buffer_append_string(struct buffer *b, const char *p)
{
	while (*p) {
		buffer_append(b, *p);
		++p;
	}
}

static void buffer_append_dec_1(struct buffer *b, unsigned long val)
{
	if (val != 0) {
		buffer_append_dec_1(b, val / 10);
		buffer_append(b, '0' + (val % 10));
	}
}

static void buffer_append_dec(struct buffer *b, unsigned long val)
{
	if (val == 0) {
		buffer_append(b, '0');
		return;
	}
	buffer_append_dec_1(b, val);
}

/*
 * Output to standard output.
 */

static void print_char(char byte)
{
	if (sys_write(1, &byte, 1) < 0)
		sigabrt();
}

static void print_string(const char *p)
{
	while (*p) {
		print_char(*p);
		++p;
	}
}

static void print_dec_1(unsigned long val)
{
	if (val != 0) {
		print_dec_1(val / 10);
		print_char('0' + (val % 10));
	}
}

static void print_dec(unsigned long val)
{
	if (val == 0)
		print_char('0');
	else
		print_dec_1(val);
}

static void print_signed_dec(long val)
{
	if (val < 0) {
		print_char('-');
		print_dec(-(unsigned long)val);
	} else
		print_dec(val);
}

static void print_message(unsigned int lineno, const char *tag, const char *p)
{
	print_string(__FILE__);
	print_char(':');
	print_dec(lineno);
	print_char(':');
	print_char(' ');
	print_string(tag);
	print_char(':');
	print_char(' ');
	print_string(p);
}

static void print_info(unsigned int lineno, const char *p)
{
	print_message(lineno, "info", p);
}

static void print_error(unsigned int lineno, const char *p)
{
	print_message(lineno, "ERROR", p);
}

static void print_failure(int lineno, const char *label, long ret)
{
	print_error(lineno, label);
	print_string(" failed: ");
	print_signed_dec(ret);
	print_char('\n');
}

static void print_time(int lineno, const char *label, struct timeval tv)
{
	print_info(lineno, label);
	print_string(": ");
	print_dec(tv.tv_sec);
	print_char(' ');
	print_dec(tv.tv_usec);
	print_char('\n');
}

/*
 * Process-failing (v)syscall wrappers.
 */

static void xgettimeofday(struct timeval *tv)
{
	long ret = syscall2(__NR_gettimeofday, (long) tv, 0);

	if (ret != 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "gettimeofday", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
}

static void xvgettimeofday(struct timeval *tv)
{
	long ret = vsyscall2(VSYSCALL_ADDR, (long) tv, 0);

	if (ret) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "vgettimeofday", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
}

static int sys_arch_prctl(int code, unsigned long addr)
{
	return syscall2(__NR_arch_prctl, code, addr);
}

static void xclose(int fd)
{
	long ret = syscall1(__NR_close, fd);

	if (ret < 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "close", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
}

static void xwrite_byte(int fd, char b)
{
	long ret = sys_write(fd, &b, 1);

	if (ret != 1) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "write", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
}

static int xread_byte(int fd)
{
	char b;
	long ret = sys_read(fd, &b, 1);

	if (ret != 1) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "read", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
	return b;
}

static void xpipe(int fds[static 2])
{
	long ret = syscall2(__NR_pipe2, (long) fds, O_CLOEXEC);

	if (ret != 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "pipe2", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
}

static __kernel_pid_t xfork(void)
{
	long ret = syscall0(__NR_fork);

	if (ret < 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "fork", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
	return ret;
}

static void xexecve(const char *pathname, char **argv, char **envp)
{
	long ret;

	ret = syscall3(__NR_execve, (long) pathname, (long) argv, (long) envp);
	print_failure(__LINE__, "execve", ret);
	sigabrt();
}

static __kernel_pid_t xwaitpid(__kernel_pid_t pid, int *status, int options)
{
	long ret = syscall4(__NR_wait4, pid, (long) status, options, 0);

	if (ret < 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "wait4", ret);
		sigabrt();
	}
	return ret;
}

/*
 * Various helpers.
 */

static void vsyscall_disable(void)
{
	long ret = sys_arch_prctl(ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL, 0);

	if (ret != 0)
		print_failure(__LINE__, "arch_prctl(ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL, 0)", ret);
}

static void vsyscall_enable(void)
{
	long ret = sys_arch_prctl(ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL, 1);

	if (ret != 0)
		print_failure(__LINE__, "arch_prctl(ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL, 1)", ret);
}

static long difftime(struct timeval first, struct timeval second)
{
	return second.tv_usec - first.tv_usec +
		(second.tv_sec - first.tv_sec) * 1000 * 1000;
}

static void ensure_proc_is_mounted(int *status)
{
	int ret;

	if (sys_access("/proc/version", 0) == 0)
		return;

	ret = sys_mkdir("/proc", 0555);
	if (ret == EEXIST)
		return;
	if (ret != 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "could not create /proc", ret);
		*status = 1;
		return;
	}
	ret = sys_mount("none", "/proc", "proc", 0, NULL);
	if (ret != 0) {
		print_failure(__LINE__, "could not mount /proc", ret);
		*status = 1;
		return;
	}
	if (sys_access("/proc/version", 0) != 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "no /proc/version after mounting /proc");
		*status = 1;
		return;
	}
}

/*
 * Individual subtest functions.
 */

static void check_time(int *status)
{
	struct timeval initial_time = { -1, -1 };
	struct timeval vsyscall_time = { -1, -1 };
	struct timeval final_time = { -1, -1 };
	long vsyscall_diff, final_diff;

	xgettimeofday(&initial_time);
	xvgettimeofday(&vsyscall_time);
	xgettimeofday(&final_time);
	vsyscall_diff = difftime(initial_time, vsyscall_time);
	final_diff = difftime(vsyscall_time, final_time);

	print_time(__LINE__, "initial gettimeofday", initial_time);
	print_time(__LINE__, "vsyscall gettimeofday", vsyscall_time);
	print_time(__LINE__, "final gettimeofday", final_time);

	if (initial_time.tv_sec < 0 || initial_time.tv_usec < 0 ||
	    vsyscall_time.tv_sec < 0 || vsyscall_time.tv_usec < 0 ||
	    final_time.tv_sec < 0 || final_time.tv_usec < 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "negative time\n");
		*status = 1;
	}

	print_info(__LINE__, "differences: ");
	print_signed_dec(vsyscall_diff);
	print_char(' ');
	print_signed_dec(final_diff);
	print_char('\n');

	if (vsyscall_diff < 0 || final_diff < 0) {
		/*
		 * This may produce false positives if there is an active NTP.
		 */
		print_error(__LINE__, "time went backwards\n");
		*status = 1;
	}
}

static void check_lockout_after_fork(int *status, int twice)
{
	__kernel_pid_t pid;
	struct timeval vsyscall_time;
	int wstatus;

	if (twice) {
		__kernel_pid_t pid_outer;

		print_info(__LINE__, "checking that lockout is inherited by fork\n");

		pid_outer = xfork();
		if (pid_outer == 0) {
			vsyscall_disable();
			/*
			 * Logic for the subprocess follows below.
			 */
		} else {
			xwaitpid(pid_outer, &wstatus, 0);
			if (wstatus != 0) {
				print_error(__LINE__, "unexpected exit status: ");
				print_signed_dec(wstatus);
				print_char('\n');
				*status = 1;
			}
			return;
		}
	} else
		print_info(__LINE__, "checking that lockout works after one fork\n");

	pid = xfork();
	if (pid == 0) {
		if (!twice)
			vsyscall_disable();
		/*
		 * This should trigger a fault.
		 */
		xvgettimeofday(&vsyscall_time);
		sys_exit(0);
	}
	xwaitpid(pid, &wstatus, 0);
	switch (wstatus) {
	case 0:
		print_error(__LINE__, "no crash after lockout\n");
		*status = 1;
		break;
	case 0x0100:
		*status = 1;
		break;
	case SIGSEGV:
		print_info(__LINE__, "termination after lockout\n");
		break;
	default:
		print_error(__LINE__, "unexpected exit status: ");
		print_signed_dec(wstatus);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}

	if (twice)
		sys_exit(*status);

	/*
	 * Status in the parent process should be unaffected.
	 */
	xvgettimeofday(&vsyscall_time);
}

static void check_no_lockout_after_enable(int *status)
{
	__kernel_pid_t pid;
	struct timeval vsyscall_time;
	int wstatus;

	print_info(__LINE__, "checking that vsyscall can be re-enabled\n");

	pid = xfork();
	if (pid == 0) {
		vsyscall_disable();
		vsyscall_enable();
		xvgettimeofday(&vsyscall_time);
		print_time(__LINE__, "vsyscall time after re-enable", vsyscall_time);
		sys_exit(0);
	}

	xwaitpid(pid, &wstatus, 0);
	if (wstatus != 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "unexpected exit status: ");
		print_signed_dec(wstatus);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}
}

static void check_no_lockout_after_execve(char **argv, int *status)
{
	__kernel_pid_t pid;
	int wstatus;

	print_info(__LINE__, "checking that lockout is not inherited by execve\n");
	pid = xfork();
	if (pid == 0) {
		struct timeval vsyscall_time;
		char *new_argv[3];

		xvgettimeofday(&vsyscall_time);
		vsyscall_disable();

		/*
		 * Re-exec the second stage.  See main_2 below.
		 */
		new_argv[0] = argv[0];
		new_argv[1] = "2";
		new_argv[2] = NULL;
		xexecve(argv[0], new_argv, new_argv + 2);
	}

	xwaitpid(pid, &wstatus, 0);
	if (wstatus != 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "unexpected exit status: ");
		print_signed_dec(wstatus);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}
}

static int has_vsyscall_map(int pid, int *status)
{
	int result = 0;
	char maps_path[50];
	int fd;

	/*
	 * Construct /proc/PID/maps path.
	 */
	{
		struct buffer b;

		buffer_init(&b, maps_path, sizeof(maps_path));
		buffer_append_string(&b, "/proc/");
		if (pid == 0)
			buffer_append_string(&b, "self");
		else
			buffer_append_dec(&b, pid);
		buffer_append_string(&b, "/maps");
		buffer_append(&b, 0);
	}

	fd = sys_open(maps_path, O_RDONLY, 0);
	if (fd < 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "maps file ");
		print_string(maps_path);
		print_string(": ");
		print_signed_dec(fd);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}

	/*
	 * Search for "[vsyscall]\n".
	 */
	{
		char buf[4096];
		long ret;

		for (size_t i = 0; i < sizeof(buf); ++i)
			buf[i] = 0;
		ret = sys_read(fd, buf, sizeof(buf));

		if (ret < 0 || ret >= sizeof(buf))
			print_failure(__LINE__, "read", ret);
		else {
			char *bracket = buf;

			while (1) {
				while (*bracket && *bracket != '[')
					++bracket;
				if (*bracket != '[')
					/*
					 * End of file has been reached.
					 */
					break;
				++bracket;
				if (bracket[0] == 'v'
				    && bracket[1] == 's'
				    && bracket[2] == 'y'
				    && bracket[3] == 's'
				    && bracket[4] == 'c'
				    && bracket[5] == 'a'
				    && bracket[6] == 'l'
				    && bracket[7] == 'l'
				    && bracket[8] == ']'
				    && bracket[9] == '\n') {
					result = 1;
					break;
				}
			}
		}
	}

	xclose(fd);
	return result;
}

static void check_vsyscall_in_self_maps(int *status)
{
	__kernel_pid_t pid;
	int wstatus;

	print_info(__LINE__, "checking [vsyscall] in /proc/self/maps\n");

	pid = xfork();
	if (pid == 0) {
		if (!has_vsyscall_map(0, status)) {
			print_error(__LINE__, "[vsyscall] missing\n");
			*status = 1;
		}
		vsyscall_disable();
		if (has_vsyscall_map(0, status)) {
			print_error(__LINE__, "[vsyscall] present after disable\n");
			*status = 1;
		}
		vsyscall_enable();
		if (!has_vsyscall_map(0, status)) {
			print_error(__LINE__, "[vsyscall] missing after enable\n");
			*status = 1;
		}
		sys_exit(*status);
	}

	xwaitpid(pid, &wstatus, 0);
	if (wstatus != 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "unexpected exit status: ");
		print_signed_dec(wstatus);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}
}

static void check_vsyscall_maps_for_subprocess(int *status)
{
	__kernel_pid_t pid;
	int wstatus;
	int outer_to_inner[2];
	int inner_to_outer[2];

	/*
	 * Create pipes used to synchronize the two processes.
	 */
	xpipe(outer_to_inner);
	xpipe(inner_to_outer);

	print_info(__LINE__, "checking [vsyscall] in /proc/PID/maps\n");

	pid = xfork();
	if (pid == 0) {
		xclose(outer_to_inner[1]);
		xclose(inner_to_outer[0]);

		xread_byte(outer_to_inner[0]);
		vsyscall_disable();
		xwrite_byte(inner_to_outer[1], 101);

		xread_byte(outer_to_inner[0]);
		vsyscall_disable();
		xwrite_byte(inner_to_outer[1], 102);

		sys_exit(0);
	}

	xclose(outer_to_inner[0]);
	xclose(inner_to_outer[1]);

	if (!has_vsyscall_map(pid, status)) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "subprocess starts without [vsyscall]");
		*status = 1;
	}

	xwrite_byte(outer_to_inner[1], 1);
	xread_byte(inner_to_outer[0]);

	if (has_vsyscall_map(pid, status)) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "subprocess has [vsyscall] after disable");
		*status = 1;
	}

	xwrite_byte(outer_to_inner[1], 2);
	xread_byte(inner_to_outer[0]);

	if (has_vsyscall_map(pid, status)) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "subprocess lacks [vsyscall] after enable");
		*status = 1;
	}

	xclose(outer_to_inner[1]);
	xclose(inner_to_outer[0]);

	xwaitpid(pid, &wstatus, 0);
	if (wstatus != 0) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "unexpected exit status: ");
		print_signed_dec(wstatus);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}
}

static void check_einval(int *status)
{
	long ret;

	ret = sys_arch_prctl(ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL, 2);
	if (ret != -EINVAL) {
		print_error(__LINE__, "arch_prctl(ARCH_VSYSCALL_CONTROL, 2) returned ");
		print_signed_dec(ret);
		print_char('\n');
		*status = 1;
	}
}

/*
 * Second stage: Check that the lockout is not inherited across execve.
 * Used from check_no_lockout_after_execve.
 */
static int main_2(void)
{
	struct timeval vsyscall_time = { -1, -1 };
	int status = 0;

	xvgettimeofday(&vsyscall_time);
	print_time(__LINE__, "vsyscall gettimeofday after fork", vsyscall_time);
	if (vsyscall_time.tv_sec < 0 || vsyscall_time.tv_usec < 0)
		status = 1;

	return status;
}

static int main(int argc, char **argv)
{
	int status = 0;

	if (argc > 1) {
		switch (*argv[1]) {
		case '2':
			return main_2();
		default:
			print_string("usage: ");
			print_string(argv[0]);
			print_string("\n");
			return 1;
		}
	}

	ensure_proc_is_mounted(&status);

	if (has_vsyscall_map(0, &status))
		print_info(__LINE__, "vsyscall active at process start\n");
	else
		print_error(__LINE__, "vsyscall inactive at process start\n");


	check_time(&status);
	check_lockout_after_fork(&status, 0);
	check_lockout_after_fork(&status, 1);
	check_no_lockout_after_enable(&status);
	check_no_lockout_after_execve(argv, &status);
	check_vsyscall_in_self_maps(&status);
	check_vsyscall_maps_for_subprocess(&status);
	check_einval(&status);

	print_info(__LINE__, "testing done, exit status: ");
	print_signed_dec(status);
	print_char('\n');
	return status;
}

static void __attribute__ ((used)) main_trampoline(long *rsp)
{
	sys_exit(main(*rsp, (char **) (rsp + 1)));
}

__asm__(".text\n\t"
	".globl _start\n"
	"_start:\n\t"
	".cfi_startproc\n\t"
	".cfi_undefined rip\n\t"
	"movq %rsp, %rdi\n\t"
	"callq main_trampoline\n\t" /* Results in psABI %rsp alignment.  */
	".cfi_endproc\n\t"
	".type _start, @function\n\t"
	".size _start, . - _start\n\t"
	".previous");
debug log:

solving ee966f936c89 ...
found ee966f936c89 in https://inbox.vuxu.org/musl/878rwkidtf.fsf@oldenburg.str.redhat.com/ ||
	https://inbox.vuxu.org/musl/564ba9d6b8f88d139be556d039aadb4b8e078eba.1641398395.git.fweimer@redhat.com/

applying [1/2] https://inbox.vuxu.org/musl/878rwkidtf.fsf@oldenburg.str.redhat.com/
diff --git a/tools/testing/selftests/x86/vsyscall_control.c b/tools/testing/selftests/x86/vsyscall_control.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..ee966f936c89

warning: core.fsyncObjectFiles is deprecated; use core.fsync instead
Checking patch tools/testing/selftests/x86/vsyscall_control.c...
Applied patch tools/testing/selftests/x86/vsyscall_control.c cleanly.

skipping https://inbox.vuxu.org/musl/564ba9d6b8f88d139be556d039aadb4b8e078eba.1641398395.git.fweimer@redhat.com/ for ee966f936c89
index at:
100644 ee966f936c89f2d04260d14a7c00389b9c7117db	tools/testing/selftests/x86/vsyscall_control.c

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