The Unix Heritage Society mailing list
 help / color / Atom feed
* Re: [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts
@ 2019-11-22 21:02 Norman Wilson
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Norman Wilson @ 2019-11-22 21:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: tuhs

Clem Cole:

  Al Arms
  wrote and administer the license BTW.

====

Aside for entertainment purposes: at one point, the root
password for the UNIX systems I ran in the Caltech High
Energy Physics group was derived from Al's name, but through
a level of punning indirection.  I believe Mark Bartelt
came up with it.

Later we decided to change it.  I believe I chose the
successor, which continued the UNIX-licensing scheme, but
in a different direction:

	*UiaTMoBL

The systems that had either of these passwords are long-
since turned off.

Norman Wilson
Toronto ON

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts
  2019-11-23 15:02   ` reed
@ 2019-11-23 21:25     ` Clem Cole
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Clem Cole @ 2019-11-23 21:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeremy C. Reed; +Cc: tuhs

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 5999 bytes --]

Jeremy,

I  have described much of this in previous messages.   So to recap....

The first licensee was Columbia University (Lou Katz), 4th Edition and I
>>believe<< Harvard was second, but it might have been someone else in
NYC.   I was always under the impression that Rand Corp was the first
commercial license, when a couple of Harvard Students wanted to bring it
west.   CMU, MIT, UofI were all about 1-3 years later.  I believe MIT and
CMU started with 5th edition and UofI 6th.  Chesson is no longer with us to
verify, but I think Steve Holmgren was in on that, and I believe I have
seem him on a couple of other mailing lists.  CMU was definitely 5th
edition to start, and quickly went to 6th.   MIT had it early also since,
like CMU, they had interns and OYOC students from the Labs, so code went
freely both ways in those days.

The redistribution license is a little more hazy. It was either Peter
Weiner at ISC or the folks at Wollongong.  I had always been under the
belief it was Peter, but Werner has some data that shows Wollongong was
either at the same time or shortly thereafter.   These were custom licenses
for V6 and its not clear about certain details and Werner seems to think
not exactly the same (*i.e.* Wollongong negotiated some special terms no
one else had).  Al Arms (AT&T legal) is likely to be the only person that
really knows for sure, as he was the common thread on all it in the early
days.

With Seventh Edition, Al wrote the first general commercial redistribution
license with sliding fees etc.   If you wanted a 7th edition license, any
previous licenses we voided.  There was great moaning about the fees.
 After about 6 months, Prof Dennis Allison of Stanford (who was consulting
for just about all of us in those days), brokered a meeting at Ricki's
Hyatt in Palo Alto, I want to say winter 1980.   This was the beginning of
the more global negotiation with what would become the System III license
(all flavors).  Again this license superseded all previous ones.

And thus the #1 president for the later OSF creation came into being, so
called: '*Stable Licensing Terms*.'  When the System V license was
released, AT&T changed things again.   By the time of SVR3 the
commercial folks had had enough and a war ensued.



On Sat, Nov 23, 2019 at 10:03 AM <reed@reedmedia.net> wrote:

> Any more details about this?
>
> The Dec. 1973 agreement with Univ. of California is "solely for
> academic and educational purposes" and included "source program code".
> (Their initial installs were 4th edition.)
>
> The slightly revised Dec. 1974 agreement with Katholieke Universiteit
> is also solely for academic and educational purposes" with nominal
> service charge of $150. (This was signed in February 1975 a little
> before the 6th edition came out.)
>
> I read multiple times that the first "source" licensee may have been the
> Univ. of Illinois. But I also read they were the first "source" licensee
> for the "5th" edition so not any Unix source license in general.
>
> Was Univ. of Illinois the first source licensee regardless of the
> edition (so prior to Dec. 1973 / Jan. 1974)?  Any docs/citations on
> this?
>
>
> https://web.archive.org/web/20160322042314/http://www.ece.ubc.ca/~gillies/mail/dbgillies_ken_thompson.txt
>  suggests the agreement with Univ. of Illinois happened a few months
> before July 1975, so maybe it couldn't have been the first (since there
> are copies of agreements prior years with other schools) even though
> that says the first.
>
> The (Univ. of Illinois) Network UNIX RFC 681 is dated March 18, 1975 and
> NIC 32157 dated May 14, 1975. It references Fifth Edition and has:
>
>    BELL'S POLICY IN THE PAST HAS BEEN TO LISCENSE THE SYSTEM TO
>    UNIVERSITIES FOR A NOMINAL FEE, $150.00, AND UNFORTUNATELY FOR A COST
>    OF $20,000.00 TO "NONUNIVERSITY" INSTITUTIONS.
>
> Since the NIC has later date that the RFC maybe this was updated later
> than the RFC date so the commercial cost is really about the 6th
> edition?
>
> Does anyone have a copy of the software agreement for a non-university,
> or without the "solely for academic" clause, or for $20,000 from early
> 1975 (or for 5th edition)?
>
> This 1983 Byte magazine article
>
> https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1983-10/1983_10_BYTE_08-10_UNIX#page/n133/mode/2up
> says the 6th edition was first Unix to be sold to commercial firms. A
> company license was $20,000 and a educational license was $200.
>
> Anyone have a copy of any 6th edition license agreement?
> (The author of
>
> https://wiki.tuhs.org/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=publications:theses:gmp_thesis.pdf
> says has a copy signed May 12, 1977 but I couldn't get in contact with
> yet.)
>
> I understand the agreement for 7th Edition included a clause saying a
> course curriculum couldn't discuss or describe the code. (John
> Lions clause).
>
> Does anyone have a 7th edition license? (Educational or otherwise?)
> (Again the author of above thesis says has copy of a 7th edition
> education license signed Feb. 20, 1981.)
>
> Does anyone have Exhibit F -- the "32V Software Agreement" dated April
> 1, 1979 -- for the AT&T/USL vs. BSDI/Univ. of California Jun 1992
> complaint (or Exhibit B to the DeFazio Affidavit)? (See
> 920724.complaint.txt and more details in 930107.amicus.txt and
> 930108.oppose.txt.)  Or maybe the 1981 relicense?
>
> What does it mean about the often mentioned first commercial
> version from AT&T wasn't until System III (Unix Release 3.0) in 1982?
> This is confusing since documented references to commercial versions in
> early 1975.  Is this about AT&T proper instead of Bell Labs? Or maybe
> about official commercial support?
>
> (RFC 681 which mentions the $20,000 non-university license fee also
> mentions RAND, Lincoln Laboratories, and Inco had Network UNIX source
> code, but unsure if that means that had the commercial license too.
> There are other commercial licenses long prior to System III, but maybe
> it is about professional support.)
>

[-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 8233 bytes --]

<div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">Jeremy,</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">I  have described much of this in previous messages.   So to recap....</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">The first licensee was Columbia University (Lou Katz), 4th Edition and I &gt;&gt;believe&lt;&lt; Harvard was second, but it might have been someone else in NYC.   I was always under the impression that Rand Corp was the first commercial license, when a couple of Harvard Students wanted to bring it west.   CMU, MIT, UofI were all about 1-3 years later.  I believe MIT and CMU started with 5th edition and UofI 6th.  Chesson is no longer with us to verify, but I think Steve Holmgren was in on that, and I believe I have seem him on a couple of other mailing lists.  CMU was definitely 5th edition to start, and quickly went to 6th.   MIT had it early also since, like CMU, they had interns and OYOC students from the Labs, so code went freely both ways in those days.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">The redistribution license is a little more hazy. It was either Peter Weiner at ISC or the folks at Wollongong.  I had always been under the belief it was Peter, but Werner has some data that shows Wollongong was either at the same time or shortly thereafter.   These were custom licenses for V6 and its not clear about certain details and Werner seems to think not exactly the same (<i>i.e.</i> Wollongong negotiated some special terms no one else had).  Al Arms (AT&amp;T legal) is likely to be the only person that really knows for sure, as he was the common thread on all it in the early days.  </div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">With Seventh Edition, Al wrote the first general commercial redistribution license with sliding fees etc.   If you wanted a 7th edition license, any previous licenses we voided.  There was great moaning about the fees.   After about 6 months, Prof Dennis Allison of Stanford (who was consulting for just about all of us in those days), brokered a meeting at Ricki&#39;s Hyatt in Palo Alto, I want to say winter 1980.   This was the beginning of the more global negotiation with what would become the System III license (all flavors).  Again this license superseded all previous ones.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">And thus the #1 president for the later OSF creation came into being, so called: &#39;<i>Stable Licensing Terms</i>.&#39;  When the System V license was released, AT&amp;T changed things again.   By the time of SVR3 the commercial folks had had enough and a war ensued.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div></div><br><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr" class="gmail_attr">On Sat, Nov 23, 2019 at 10:03 AM &lt;<a href="mailto:reed@reedmedia.net">reed@reedmedia.net</a>&gt; wrote:<br></div><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex">Any more details about this?<br>
<br>
The Dec. 1973 agreement with Univ. of California is &quot;solely for <br>
academic and educational purposes&quot; and included &quot;source program code&quot;. <br>
(Their initial installs were 4th edition.)<br>
<br>
The slightly revised Dec. 1974 agreement with Katholieke Universiteit<br>
is also solely for academic and educational purposes&quot; with nominal <br>
service charge of $150. (This was signed in February 1975 a little <br>
before the 6th edition came out.)<br>
<br>
I read multiple times that the first &quot;source&quot; licensee may have been the <br>
Univ. of Illinois. But I also read they were the first &quot;source&quot; licensee <br>
for the &quot;5th&quot; edition so not any Unix source license in general. <br>
<br>
Was Univ. of Illinois the first source licensee regardless of the <br>
edition (so prior to Dec. 1973 / Jan. 1974)?  Any docs/citations on <br>
this?<br>
<br>
<a href="https://web.archive.org/web/20160322042314/http://www.ece.ubc.ca/~gillies/mail/dbgillies_ken_thompson.txt" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">https://web.archive.org/web/20160322042314/http://www.ece.ubc.ca/~gillies/mail/dbgillies_ken_thompson.txt</a><br>
 suggests the agreement with Univ. of Illinois happened a few months <br>
before July 1975, so maybe it couldn&#39;t have been the first (since there <br>
are copies of agreements prior years with other schools) even though <br>
that says the first.<br>
<br>
The (Univ. of Illinois) Network UNIX RFC 681 is dated March 18, 1975 and <br>
NIC 32157 dated May 14, 1975. It references Fifth Edition and has:<br>
<br>
   BELL&#39;S POLICY IN THE PAST HAS BEEN TO LISCENSE THE SYSTEM TO <br>
   UNIVERSITIES FOR A NOMINAL FEE, $150.00, AND UNFORTUNATELY FOR A COST <br>
   OF $20,000.00 TO &quot;NONUNIVERSITY&quot; INSTITUTIONS.<br>
<br>
Since the NIC has later date that the RFC maybe this was updated later <br>
than the RFC date so the commercial cost is really about the 6th <br>
edition?<br>
<br>
Does anyone have a copy of the software agreement for a non-university, <br>
or without the &quot;solely for academic&quot; clause, or for $20,000 from early <br>
1975 (or for 5th edition)?<br>
<br>
This 1983 Byte magazine article <br>
<a href="https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1983-10/1983_10_BYTE_08-10_UNIX#page/n133/mode/2up" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1983-10/1983_10_BYTE_08-10_UNIX#page/n133/mode/2up</a> <br>
says the 6th edition was first Unix to be sold to commercial firms. A <br>
company license was $20,000 and a educational license was $200.<br>
<br>
Anyone have a copy of any 6th edition license agreement?<br>
(The author of <br>
<a href="https://wiki.tuhs.org/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=publications:theses:gmp_thesis.pdf" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">https://wiki.tuhs.org/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=publications:theses:gmp_thesis.pdf</a> <br>
says has a copy signed May 12, 1977 but I couldn&#39;t get in contact with <br>
yet.)<br>
<br>
I understand the agreement for 7th Edition included a clause saying a <br>
course curriculum couldn&#39;t discuss or describe the code. (John <br>
Lions clause).<br>
<br>
Does anyone have a 7th edition license? (Educational or otherwise?) <br>
(Again the author of above thesis says has copy of a 7th edition <br>
education license signed Feb. 20, 1981.)<br>
<br>
Does anyone have Exhibit F -- the &quot;32V Software Agreement&quot; dated April <br>
1, 1979 -- for the AT&amp;T/USL vs. BSDI/Univ. of California Jun 1992 <br>
complaint (or Exhibit B to the DeFazio Affidavit)? (See <br>
920724.complaint.txt and more details in 930107.amicus.txt and <br>
930108.oppose.txt.)  Or maybe the 1981 relicense?<br>
<br>
What does it mean about the often mentioned first commercial <br>
version from AT&amp;T wasn&#39;t until System III (Unix Release 3.0) in 1982?<br>
This is confusing since documented references to commercial versions in <br>
early 1975.  Is this about AT&amp;T proper instead of Bell Labs? Or maybe <br>
about official commercial support?<br>
<br>
(RFC 681 which mentions the $20,000 non-university license fee also <br>
mentions RAND, Lincoln Laboratories, and Inco had Network UNIX source <br>
code, but unsure if that means that had the commercial license too. <br>
There are other commercial licenses long prior to System III, but maybe <br>
it is about professional support.)<br>
</blockquote></div>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts
  2019-11-22 15:34 ` Clem Cole
  2019-11-22 15:36   ` Clem Cole
@ 2019-11-23 15:02   ` reed
  2019-11-23 21:25     ` Clem Cole
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: reed @ 2019-11-23 15:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: tuhs

Any more details about this?

The Dec. 1973 agreement with Univ. of California is "solely for 
academic and educational purposes" and included "source program code". 
(Their initial installs were 4th edition.)

The slightly revised Dec. 1974 agreement with Katholieke Universiteit
is also solely for academic and educational purposes" with nominal 
service charge of $150. (This was signed in February 1975 a little 
before the 6th edition came out.)

I read multiple times that the first "source" licensee may have been the 
Univ. of Illinois. But I also read they were the first "source" licensee 
for the "5th" edition so not any Unix source license in general. 

Was Univ. of Illinois the first source licensee regardless of the 
edition (so prior to Dec. 1973 / Jan. 1974)?  Any docs/citations on 
this?

https://web.archive.org/web/20160322042314/http://www.ece.ubc.ca/~gillies/mail/dbgillies_ken_thompson.txt
 suggests the agreement with Univ. of Illinois happened a few months 
before July 1975, so maybe it couldn't have been the first (since there 
are copies of agreements prior years with other schools) even though 
that says the first.

The (Univ. of Illinois) Network UNIX RFC 681 is dated March 18, 1975 and 
NIC 32157 dated May 14, 1975. It references Fifth Edition and has:

   BELL'S POLICY IN THE PAST HAS BEEN TO LISCENSE THE SYSTEM TO 
   UNIVERSITIES FOR A NOMINAL FEE, $150.00, AND UNFORTUNATELY FOR A COST 
   OF $20,000.00 TO "NONUNIVERSITY" INSTITUTIONS.

Since the NIC has later date that the RFC maybe this was updated later 
than the RFC date so the commercial cost is really about the 6th 
edition?

Does anyone have a copy of the software agreement for a non-university, 
or without the "solely for academic" clause, or for $20,000 from early 
1975 (or for 5th edition)?

This 1983 Byte magazine article 
https://archive.org/stream/byte-magazine-1983-10/1983_10_BYTE_08-10_UNIX#page/n133/mode/2up 
says the 6th edition was first Unix to be sold to commercial firms. A 
company license was $20,000 and a educational license was $200.

Anyone have a copy of any 6th edition license agreement?
(The author of 
https://wiki.tuhs.org/lib/exe/fetch.php?media=publications:theses:gmp_thesis.pdf 
says has a copy signed May 12, 1977 but I couldn't get in contact with 
yet.)

I understand the agreement for 7th Edition included a clause saying a 
course curriculum couldn't discuss or describe the code. (John 
Lions clause).

Does anyone have a 7th edition license? (Educational or otherwise?) 
(Again the author of above thesis says has copy of a 7th edition 
education license signed Feb. 20, 1981.)

Does anyone have Exhibit F -- the "32V Software Agreement" dated April 
1, 1979 -- for the AT&T/USL vs. BSDI/Univ. of California Jun 1992 
complaint (or Exhibit B to the DeFazio Affidavit)? (See 
920724.complaint.txt and more details in 930107.amicus.txt and 
930108.oppose.txt.)  Or maybe the 1981 relicense?

What does it mean about the often mentioned first commercial 
version from AT&T wasn't until System III (Unix Release 3.0) in 1982?
This is confusing since documented references to commercial versions in 
early 1975.  Is this about AT&T proper instead of Bell Labs? Or maybe 
about official commercial support?

(RFC 681 which mentions the $20,000 non-university license fee also 
mentions RAND, Lincoln Laboratories, and Inco had Network UNIX source 
code, but unsure if that means that had the commercial license too. 
There are other commercial licenses long prior to System III, but maybe 
it is about professional support.)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts
  2019-11-22 15:34 ` Clem Cole
@ 2019-11-22 15:36   ` Clem Cole
  2019-11-23 15:02   ` reed
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Clem Cole @ 2019-11-22 15:36 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David C. Brock; +Cc: tuhs

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1772 bytes --]

I should have said, 'licensable for commercial use.'  The most famous piece
of IP that came out of this agreement was not UNIX, but rather the
transistor.  The rest of the electronics community made way more money than
AT&T did on the transistor.

On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 10:34 AM Clem Cole <clemc@ccc.com> wrote:

> I sent you some stuff privately, but the key point is that is was required
> by the US Gov as part of the 1956 Consent decree.
> AT&T had to make its IP available to the research community and licensable
> under 'fair terms' which would be reviewed by the regulators.  Al Arms
> wrote and administer the license BTW.  I've lost track of him.  I want to
> say he may have passed, but I don't want to start a rumor.   You might
> check with the Nokia folks, as I did not see him at the 50th and I would
> have expected him there.
>
> Clem
>
> On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 9:39 AM David C. Brock <dbrock@computerhistory.org>
> wrote:
>
>> Dear All:
>>
>> I was wondering if anyone had any first-hand information about the early
>> decisions at Western Electric to make an education license for Unix that
>> was both royalty-free and with an extremely modest “service
>> charge”/delivery fee, or if anyone knows the names of key people who made
>> these decisions.
>>
>> Best wishes,
>>
>> David
>> ..............
>> David C. Brock
>> Director and Curator
>> Software History Center
>> Computer History Museum
>> computerhistory.org/softwarehistory<
>> http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory>
>> Email: dbrock@computerhistory.org
>> Twitter: @dcbrock
>> Skype: dcbrock
>> 1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.
>> Mountain View, CA 94943
>> (650) 810-1010 main
>> (650) 810-1886 direct
>> Pronouns: he, him, his
>>
>>
>>

[-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 2994 bytes --]

<div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">I should have said, &#39;licensable for commercial use.&#39;  The most famous piece of IP that came out of this agreement was not UNIX, but rather the transistor.  The rest of the electronics community made way more money than AT&amp;T did on the transistor.</div></div><br><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr" class="gmail_attr">On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 10:34 AM Clem Cole &lt;<a href="mailto:clemc@ccc.com">clemc@ccc.com</a>&gt; wrote:<br></div><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex"><div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">I sent you some stuff privately, but the key point is that is was required by the US Gov as part of the 1956 Consent decree.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">AT&amp;T had to make its IP available to the research community and licensable under &#39;fair terms&#39; which would be reviewed by the regulators.  Al Arms wrote and administer the license BTW.  I&#39;ve lost track of him.  I want to say he may have passed, but I don&#39;t want to start a rumor.   You might check with the Nokia folks, as I did not see him at the 50th and I would have expected him there.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">Clem</div></div><br><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr" class="gmail_attr">On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 9:39 AM David C. Brock &lt;<a href="mailto:dbrock@computerhistory.org" target="_blank">dbrock@computerhistory.org</a>&gt; wrote:<br></div><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex">Dear All:<br>
<br>
I was wondering if anyone had any first-hand information about the early decisions at Western Electric to make an education license for Unix that was both royalty-free and with an extremely modest “service charge”/delivery fee, or if anyone knows the names of key people who made these decisions.<br>
<br>
Best wishes,<br>
<br>
David<br>
..............<br>
David C. Brock<br>
Director and Curator<br>
Software History Center<br>
Computer History Museum<br>
<a href="http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">computerhistory.org/softwarehistory</a>&lt;<a href="http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory</a>&gt;<br>
Email: <a href="mailto:dbrock@computerhistory.org" target="_blank">dbrock@computerhistory.org</a><br>
Twitter: @dcbrock<br>
Skype: dcbrock<br>
1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.<br>
Mountain View, CA 94943<br>
(650) 810-1010 main<br>
(650) 810-1886 direct<br>
Pronouns: he, him, his<br>
<br>
<br>
</blockquote></div>
</blockquote></div>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* Re: [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts
  2019-11-22 14:29 David C. Brock
@ 2019-11-22 15:34 ` Clem Cole
  2019-11-22 15:36   ` Clem Cole
  2019-11-23 15:02   ` reed
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 6+ messages in thread
From: Clem Cole @ 2019-11-22 15:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: David C. Brock; +Cc: tuhs

[-- Attachment #1: Type: text/plain, Size: 1396 bytes --]

I sent you some stuff privately, but the key point is that is was required
by the US Gov as part of the 1956 Consent decree.
AT&T had to make its IP available to the research community and licensable
under 'fair terms' which would be reviewed by the regulators.  Al Arms
wrote and administer the license BTW.  I've lost track of him.  I want to
say he may have passed, but I don't want to start a rumor.   You might
check with the Nokia folks, as I did not see him at the 50th and I would
have expected him there.

Clem

On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 9:39 AM David C. Brock <dbrock@computerhistory.org>
wrote:

> Dear All:
>
> I was wondering if anyone had any first-hand information about the early
> decisions at Western Electric to make an education license for Unix that
> was both royalty-free and with an extremely modest “service
> charge”/delivery fee, or if anyone knows the names of key people who made
> these decisions.
>
> Best wishes,
>
> David
> ..............
> David C. Brock
> Director and Curator
> Software History Center
> Computer History Museum
> computerhistory.org/softwarehistory<
> http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory>
> Email: dbrock@computerhistory.org
> Twitter: @dcbrock
> Skype: dcbrock
> 1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.
> Mountain View, CA 94943
> (650) 810-1010 main
> (650) 810-1886 direct
> Pronouns: he, him, his
>
>
>

[-- Attachment #2: Type: text/html, Size: 2296 bytes --]

<div dir="ltr"><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">I sent you some stuff privately, but the key point is that is was required by the US Gov as part of the 1956 Consent decree.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">AT&amp;T had to make its IP available to the research community and licensable under &#39;fair terms&#39; which would be reviewed by the regulators.  Al Arms wrote and administer the license BTW.  I&#39;ve lost track of him.  I want to say he may have passed, but I don&#39;t want to start a rumor.   You might check with the Nokia folks, as I did not see him at the 50th and I would have expected him there.</div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif"><br></div><div class="gmail_default" style="font-family:arial,helvetica,sans-serif">Clem</div></div><br><div class="gmail_quote"><div dir="ltr" class="gmail_attr">On Fri, Nov 22, 2019 at 9:39 AM David C. Brock &lt;<a href="mailto:dbrock@computerhistory.org">dbrock@computerhistory.org</a>&gt; wrote:<br></div><blockquote class="gmail_quote" style="margin:0px 0px 0px 0.8ex;border-left:1px solid rgb(204,204,204);padding-left:1ex">Dear All:<br>
<br>
I was wondering if anyone had any first-hand information about the early decisions at Western Electric to make an education license for Unix that was both royalty-free and with an extremely modest “service charge”/delivery fee, or if anyone knows the names of key people who made these decisions.<br>
<br>
Best wishes,<br>
<br>
David<br>
..............<br>
David C. Brock<br>
Director and Curator<br>
Software History Center<br>
Computer History Museum<br>
<a href="http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">computerhistory.org/softwarehistory</a>&lt;<a href="http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory" rel="noreferrer" target="_blank">http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory</a>&gt;<br>
Email: <a href="mailto:dbrock@computerhistory.org" target="_blank">dbrock@computerhistory.org</a><br>
Twitter: @dcbrock<br>
Skype: dcbrock<br>
1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.<br>
Mountain View, CA 94943<br>
(650) 810-1010 main<br>
(650) 810-1886 direct<br>
Pronouns: he, him, his<br>
<br>
<br>
</blockquote></div>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

* [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts
@ 2019-11-22 14:29 David C. Brock
  2019-11-22 15:34 ` Clem Cole
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 6+ messages in thread
From: David C. Brock @ 2019-11-22 14:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: tuhs

Dear All:

I was wondering if anyone had any first-hand information about the early decisions at Western Electric to make an education license for Unix that was both royalty-free and with an extremely modest “service charge”/delivery fee, or if anyone knows the names of key people who made these decisions.

Best wishes,

David
..............
David C. Brock
Director and Curator
Software History Center
Computer History Museum
computerhistory.org/softwarehistory<http://computerhistory.org/softwarehistory>
Email: dbrock@computerhistory.org
Twitter: @dcbrock
Skype: dcbrock
1401 N. Shoreline Blvd.
Mountain View, CA 94943
(650) 810-1010 main
(650) 810-1886 direct
Pronouns: he, him, his



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 6+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 6+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-11-22 21:02 [TUHS] Western Electric "Research Unix" License Contacts Norman Wilson
  -- strict thread matches above, loose matches on Subject: below --
2019-11-22 14:29 David C. Brock
2019-11-22 15:34 ` Clem Cole
2019-11-22 15:36   ` Clem Cole
2019-11-23 15:02   ` reed
2019-11-23 21:25     ` Clem Cole

The Unix Heritage Society mailing list

Archives are clonable: git clone --mirror http://inbox.vuxu.org/tuhs

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroup available over NNTP:
	nntp://inbox.vuxu.org/vuxu.archive.tuhs


AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git