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From: Stephane Chazelas <stephane@chazelas.org>
To: zsh-workers@zsh.org
Subject: Re: sh emulation POSIX non-conformances (printf %10s and bytes vs character)
Date: Sat, 24 Apr 2021 08:09:40 +0100
Message-ID: <20210424070940.afk5alasj65hyvsq@chazelas.org> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20210423165326.GB2033191@zira.vinc17.org>

2021-04-23 18:53:26 +0200, Vincent Lefevre:
[...]
> Some file formats have fields with a byte-size limit. Providing
> more than this limit could have unexpected effects. One may also
> want to limit the size of generated filenames (see NAME_MAX).
[...]

printf is to print formatted text.

If you want to work at byte level, you need to use the C locale
(or in zsh disable the multibyte option). In zsh, that applies
to printf and all other text utilities and operators which is
more consistent than the POSIX API.

Note that the printf of perl, fish, gawk (and I'd expect most
modern languages) work at character level (possibly as wrappers
for C's wprintf()).

$ perl -CLSA -le 'for (@ARGV) {printf "|%10s|\n", $_}' Stephane Stéphane
|  Stephane|
|  Stéphane|

-- 
Stephane


  parent reply	other threads:[~2021-04-24  7:09 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 60+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-04-10 23:31 [PATCH] Document imperfections in POSIX/sh compatibility dana
2021-04-10 23:50 ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-11  0:19   ` dana
2021-04-11 16:54     ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-11 17:57       ` sh emulation POSIX non-conformances (Was: [PATCH] Document imperfections in POSIX/sh compatibility) Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-11 18:13         ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-11 19:18         ` sh emulation POSIX non-conformances (no word splitting upon arithmetic expansion) Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-22 15:03           ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-22 18:27             ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-11 19:31         ` sh emulation POSIX non-conformances ("inf"/"Inf" in arithmetic expressions) Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-12 20:41           ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-13  7:17             ` Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-22 15:31               ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-22 18:55                 ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-22 20:45                   ` Daniel Shahaf
2021-04-22 21:25                     ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-23 16:45                   ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-23 20:31                     ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-23 22:46                       ` Oliver Kiddle
2021-04-23 23:34                         ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-24  2:10                           ` Daniel Shahaf
2021-04-24  3:42                             ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-24  7:33                               ` Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-24 16:04                                 ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-24 23:02                         ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-25  2:18                           ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-25 20:17                             ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-25 21:58                               ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-26 10:28                                 ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-25 22:00                               ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-26 10:34                                 ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-26 23:25                                   ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-11 19:33         ` sh emulation POSIX non-conformances (some of zsh's special variables) Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-11 19:42         ` sh emulation POSIX non-conformances (printf %10s and bytes vs character) Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-13 15:57           ` Daniel Shahaf
2021-04-13 18:03             ` Stephane Chazelas
2021-04-13 21:09               ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-22 13:59           ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-22 14:28             ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-22 19:22             ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-23 16:53               ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-23 23:01                 ` Oliver Kiddle
2021-04-24 21:41                   ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-24 21:46                   ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-24  7:09                 ` Stephane Chazelas [this message]
2021-04-24 21:52                   ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-24 22:28                     ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-24 23:18                       ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-25  2:20                         ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-25 11:07                           ` Vincent Lefevre
2021-04-11 23:04       ` [PATCH] Document imperfections in POSIX/sh compatibility dana
2021-04-13 16:01 ` Daniel Shahaf
2021-04-13 16:12   ` Peter Stephenson
2021-04-13 20:28   ` Oliver Kiddle
2021-04-13 21:40     ` dana
2021-04-13 22:02       ` Bart Schaefer
2021-04-14 12:38       ` Daniel Shahaf
2021-04-18  4:50         ` dana
2021-04-20 21:26           ` Daniel Shahaf
2021-05-03 23:42             ` dana

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